Labour-based technology is not a technology that only uses labourers and some tools. In most of the situations, such production process technologies (labour and tools only) produce outputs of inferior quality, which results in an increase of the total costs to sustain the infrastructure asset.

A very important aspect of labour-based technology is that assessments are made of the required technology and the most efficient production process. This means more time and resources are needed before the actual production/construction. At the same time, more labour-intensive production process needs more management inputs, in particular during implementation.  After all it is more difficult to manage people than it is to manage machines. Thus labour-based technology requires more- and more sophisticated management; it requires an organisation with more levels, and finally more- and more formalised communication